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Antigua & Barbuda consists of these 2 major inhabited islands and a number of smaller islands (including Great Bird, Green, Guinea, Long, Maiden and York Islands and, further south, Redonda).

The country lies in the middle of the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles within the Caribbean Sea, but bordering the Atlantic Ocean. It was discovered in 1493 by Christopher Columbus but was first settled by Amerindians (called the Siboney) before 3000BC.

Later the Arawaks introduced agriculture which were replaced by the Caribs in around 1100AD. Most of these indigenous people died of diseases introduced by Europeans and of malnutrition.

The British then ruled almost exclusively from 1632 to 1981,when the islands achieved independence from the UK. Slavery was established to run sugar plantations in around 1684 and was abolished in 1834.

Tourism now dominates the economy of Antigua & Barbuda although reduced tourist activity since 2000 has slowed growth. Investment banking and financial services are also important. The island of Barbuda was seriously damaged by hurricane Irma in 2017.

Antigua & Barbuda are low-lying islands comprising limestones and volcanics. The highest point on Antigua (Mount Obama) is the remnant of a volcanic crater. The islands are rimmed by reefs and shoals.

This geology is not suitable for the generation and accumulation of commercial volumes of oil and gas.

Thus Antigua & Barbuda has no identified indigenous oil or gas resources, either onshore or offshore, and Globalshift believes it is unlikely to achieve any production in the future. No exploration wells have ever been drilled in the territory.

ANTIGUA & BARBUDA

Map and National Flag

CENTRAL AMERICA

Forest glade

Central America

Antigua & Barbuda

E and P

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Capital

Population

Land area (sq kms)

Oil prod (000s b/d)

Gas prod (bcm/yr)

Oil cons (000s b/d)

Gas cons (bcm/yr)

Statistics

St. John’s

0.09 mm

96

None

None

4.2

None

Brief history of the country

Antigua & Barbuda is a parliamentary, democratic monarchy, in which the Head of State is the British Monarch who appoints a Governor General as representative.

A Council of Ministers is appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister. A bicameral Parliament consists of a 17-member Senate and  House of Representatives.

There is no department of government responsible for oil and gas resources.

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