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Vertical axis in chart corresponds to 000s of bbls of oil equivalent per day.

Oil -  fossil oil from on and offshore reservoirs, including tight sands/shales; and liquids extracted from gas.

Gas - sales gas from on and offshore reservoirs, including tight sands/shales and coal beds.

Full breakdowns are available in datafiles.

Vertical axis in chart corresponds to number of wells spudded in year including stand-alone sidetracks.

Wells in chart include those drilled in exploratory and development categories for oil and gas, but excluding CBM.

Full breakdowns are available in datafiles.

Exploration and Production

Early history

From 1955 to 1995 around 450 wells were drilled onshore and offshore. The onshore Heletz oil field was discovered in the 1950s, and had produced 17 mm bbls up to 2018. Light oil shows were found in 3 offshore wells.

Modern history

The first commercial discovery of gas occurred in 2000 and gas was then found in shallow offshore reservoirs, including the Noa, Mari B, Or, and Nir fields. Gas production began from Mari B in 2004. This was followed by the discovery of the giant Tamar and Leviathan gas fields in deep water Tamar sand reservoirs of the Levant Basin. Further gas was then discovered in the deep water Karish, Tanin, Tamar SW and Shimshon gas fields.

First gas reached to shore from the Tamar platform in 2013, connected to Tamar field with a 150km tie-back. During 2014-2015 development of the Leviathan and Karish gas fields began. Leviathan will be connected to shore in 2019 and the Karish field will be the first FPSO installed in Israeli waters connected in 2021.

In 2016-2017, licensing rounds began resulting in the granting of 6 exploration licenses. The Ministry of Energy launched a Second Offshore Bid Round in 2019 with 19 blocks on offer.

For recent events see News Briefs.


In development

Oil and gas forecasts

In development

East Mediterranean



E and P

News Briefs

Israel Datafiles

Excel files - low-cost histories and forecasts of production and wells in any category for all countries and regions