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Kosovo (the Republic of Kosovo) is a land-locked disputed state in the central Balkan Peninsula. It is bordered by Macedonia and Albania to the south, Montenegro to the west, and Serbia to the north and east.

Kosovo originates from the Roman province of Dardania, changing hands many times until becoming a permanent part of Serbia by 1346. The Battle of Kosovo Field in 1389 initiated the collapse of the Serbian Empire and in 1455 the Ottoman Empire took control. Over the centuries Islam was introduced and Albanians moved into the area.

The Ottomans ceded Kosovo to the Balkan League after the 1913 Balkan War. Serbia regained the largest part whilst Montenegro annexed the west (Metohija), eventually unifying as Yugoslavia in 1929. The Serbian population expanded in Kosovo and in 1945 the Province of Kosovo and Metohija was created within Yugoslavia.

Albanians began to gain some power in the province but were brutally suppressed in the 1980s. Yugoslavian breakup then led to new demands for sovereignty and ethnic tensions culminated in the Kosovo War of 1998.

The war ended with intervention by NATO and the region became a UN protectorate. In 2008 independence was declared but Serbia has not yet recognised this.

Most of Kosovo's terrain is mountainous with the highest peak being Deravica at 2,656 m. There are two narrow plains; the Metohija basin in the west, and the Plain of Kosovo in the east.  

Land-locked Kosovo lies between the Dinarides and the Hellenides tectonic zones and its sediments are highly disrupted. The geology is thus unfavourable for the accumulation of commercial volumes of oil and gas and Globalshift believes it is unlikely to achieve any production in the future.


Map and National Flag


Alpine ranges

Southern Europe


E and P

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Land area (sq kms)

Oil prod (000s b/d)

Gas prod (bcm/yr)

Oil cons (000s b/d)

Gas cons (bcm/yr)



1.8 mm






Kosovo is a representative democratic republic. Legislative power is vested in a 120-member Assembly of Kosovo. A President is head of state and a Prime Minister head of government.

International supervision is operating under the auspices of the UN. While Serbia recognises governance by Kosovan institutions it continues to claim it as its own Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.

There is no government department specifically responsible for oil and gas resources.

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