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Buy Excel files - histories and forecasts of production and wells split into any category for all countries and regions

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Vertical axis in chart corresponds to thousands of barrels of oil equivalent per day.

Oil -  fossil oil produced from on and offshore reservoirs, including tight sands/shales; and liquids extracted from gas.

Gas - sales gas produced from on and offshore reservoirs, including tight sands/shales and coal beds.O

Full breakdowns are available in datafiles.

Vertical axis in chart corresponds to number of wells spudded in year including stand-alone sidetracks.

Wells in chart include those drilled in exploratory and development categories for oil and gas, but excluding CBM.

Full breakdowns are available in datafiles.

Exploration and Production

Early history

From 1991 the first exploration licensing round was held. Five licenses were awarded to Norsk Hydro, Ranger, Sasol, Chevron and Shell. In 1995 a second licensing round led to the award of 2 new licenses to Shell, one of which being an extension to the existing license that Shell had over the Kudu field.

Over 28,000 kms of 2D seismic was acquired in the licenses and 60,000 kms of multi-client data. No applications were received in the Third Licensing Round in 1998. From 1991 to 1998 nine exploratory wells were drilled on the offshore shelf. A 4th Round in 2004 then led to the award of 2 blocks to BHP-Billiton west and south of Kudu.

Modern history

An open licensing system was adopted in 1999 although exploration only picked up from 2008 with new 2D and 3D seismic surveys over the western deeper water margin. Six exploratoion wells were drilled including drilled Kunene-1l in 2008 by Sintezneftgaz, Tapir South-1 and Kabeljou-1 in 2012 by Chariot, Wingat-1, Murombe-1 and Moosehead-1 in 2013 by HRT and  Welwitschia-1 well in 2014 by Repsol. These confirmed the presence of lower Cretaceous source rocks and clastic and carbonate reservoirs but failed to locate commercial accumulations of oil or gas.

Kudu - In development

For recent events see News Briefs.


The first offshore exploration took place from the late 1960s to the early 1970’s. One well was drilled by Chevron in 1974 (Kudu 9A-1) which discovered the Kudu gas field in 1974. No further exploration was carried out by foreign companies until after Namibia became independent in 1990 but from 1987 Swakor (now NAMCOR) drilled Kudu-2 and Kudu-3, with Kudu-3 confirming the existence of a major gas field.

Oil and gas forecasts

In development


E and P

News Briefs


West Africa