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Land area (sq kms)

Oil prod (000s b/d)

Gas prod (bcm/yr)

Oil cons (000s b/d)

Gas cons (bcm/yr)

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Anguilla is a British overseas territory in the Caribbean Sea consisting of the main island of Anguilla with a number of small islands and cays with no permanent population. One of the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles, it is located east of Puerto Rico and the British Virgin Islands and just 10 kms north of Saint Martin.  

The territory was settled by tribes (Arawaks and Caribs) who migrated from South America. Discovered by Europeans in the 15th Century, it was colonised by the English from Saint Kitts after 1650 and Europeans from nearby islands. African slaves lived in the region from the 17th Century and it is now populated mostly by people of African descent.

Anguilla was first administered by the UK through Antigua and in 1825 put under the control of St. Kitts. In 1967, when Saint Kitts and Nevis gained independence, Anguilla was also incorporated but was allowed to return to UK rule in 1971, finally seceding from Saint Kitts and Nevis in 1980 to become a British Overseas Territory.

Anguilla relies on banking and tourism. It is a tax haven with no direct taxes. However, in 2011 economic pressures led it to introduce a 3% Interim Stabilisation Levy as a form of income tax.

The small island of Anguilla and its tiny associated islands are flat, low-lying coral and limestone reefs. This geology is not suitable for the generation and accumulation of commercial volumes of oil and gas.

Thus Anguilla has no identified indigenous oil or gas resources, either onshore or offshore, and Globalshift expects no production will ever be achieved in the future. No exploration wells have ever been drilled in the territory.

Geography, and oil and gas summary

ANGUILLA - Map and National Flag

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Capital: The Valley

Population: 0.016 million     

Anguilla is an internally self-governing overseas territory of the UK. It is governed by a parliamentary representative democratic dependency, with the Chief Minister as head of government. Legislative power is vested in the government and the House of Assembly but the Judiciary is independent. The UK is responsible for military defence.

There is no department of government in Anguilla responsible for oil and gas resources.


Bird on a pole

Brief history of the territory (UK)

Central America

Anguilla Government and NOCs