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Land area (sq kms)

Oil prod (000s b/d)

Gas prod (bcm/yr)

Oil cons (000s b/d)

Gas cons (bcm/yr)

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The Central African Republic (CAR) is bordered by Chad and Sudan to the north, South Sudan to the east, Congo (Kinshasa) and Congo (Brazzaville) to the south, and Cameroon to the west. It is land-locked.

Central Africa was settled around 8000 BC when hunter-gatherers migrated from the north. Bantu speakers spread east from Cameroon from 1000 BC and settlements were established along the Ubangi River. In the 16th and 17th centuries slave traders raided the region, selling their captives down the river. Subsequently a number of kingdoms ruled the area until Europeans arrived in 1885.

By 1894, France had created the colony of Ubangi-Shari. In 1920, after partial German rule, French Equatorial Africa was established and Ubangi-Shari was run from Brazzaville. The French used forced labour in the region leading to an insurrection in 1928 which was suppressed in 1931.

However, the rebellion eventually led to the Central African Republic being established in 1946. It gained independence in 1960. Ruled by a series of autocratic leaders since, it has been politically unstable. A civil war began in 2004 and, despite several peace treaties, the war continues. Although having mineral and other resources the country is very poor.

Most of the land-locked Central African Republic consists of savannas with desert in the north and equatorial forest in the south. Two thirds is within the basin of the Ubangi River, which flows into the Congo. The remainder lies in the basin of the Chari, which flows into Lake Chad.

The Central African Republic lies at the southern edge of the East Sahara metacraton, which is mostly comprised of Precambrian basement rocks. The country is prospective for gold, diamonds and other mineral resources within these metasediments and volcanics. There is part of an inter-cratonic basin in the north extending from Chad, but this appears to have no oil and gas potential.

The geology of the Central African Republic is thus unsuitable for commercial volumes of oil and gas and it has no identified resources. Globalshift believes It is very unlikely to achieve any production in the future.

Geography, and oil and gas summary


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Central  African Republic

Capital: Bangui

Population: 4.5 million     

The Central African Republic is a semi-presidential republic. The elected President is head of state with a Prime Minister as head of a Council of Ministers that heads a 105-member National Assembly. However, changes in government have occurred through violence as well as elections.

There is no government department in The Central African Republic specifically responsible for oil and gas resources.



Brief history of the country

West Africa

Central African Republic Government and NOCs